"Our teacher taught us how to use the hyphen in class today. The temptation is to throw in extra hyphens just in case, e.g. General Principle 2 In a temporary compound that is used as an adjective before a noun, use a hyphen if the term can be misread or if the term expresses a single thought (i.e., all words together modify the noun). Even then there are cases when it would be awkward and more context would be required (e.g. In many cases, we just need to manipulate an element, we do that actually need this to be the element if something else like passing the element into the constructor works. Hyphens have many uses in writing: Some words can have a hyphen added to change the meaning. Most authorities also point out exceptions. Generally, you hyphenate a phrase when it’s modifying another word and appears before the word it is modifying. If I were to withdraw at Stashaway, do I need to include a hyphen between my bank account number? Hyphens are also used in lists. Some words can be hyphenated in different places and you can use this website to find out where. On the other hand, for example, living-room furniture makes more sense as it clearly identifies furniture that is in a living room, rather than "room furniture" that is living. Hello All, do you know which bank will the Prudential CPF investment be returned back to? How do you correctly hyphenate prefixes to already separated words? (Poltergeist in the Breadboard). A hyphen looks like this: -. Which compounds, though … razor-sharp? For adverbs not ending in ly + participle or adjective, use a hyphen before a noun, but not after.. 6. Am no linguistic-savvy (with hyphen) so I don't really know whether this is grammar or naming convention. How to disable metadata such as EXIF from camera? A hyphen is a bit of punctuation used to join together two (or more) different words. We call these compound adjectives. Word breaks. As FOX News Best Eco-Moisturizers for Winter I need to visit the restroom about every 45 minutes to prevent my underpants from turning […] share 1 month ago. I. Equally, food handling department should be written as food-handling department even though as with living-room, I have never actually seen it written with a hyphen. The closest thing I found is in PEP 423 in the "single name" principle, which is similar to my argument - try not to have a different project name vs a package name. What's up with the hyphen in “orang-utan”? So living room should either be hyphenated or written together as only one single word. If a customer asks for your website or email address, it’s easy to quote and understand if it’s simply your business name. It is usually used with a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. If the repeated word comes last in the compound, write the full compound at the end, and hyphens in the earlier combinations. E.g.= co-own, non-governmental, pre-wedding, etc. The hyphen in between 1912 and 1992 should be an en-dash: 1912–1992; The word non-standard doesn’t need a hyphen. Determining When We Need Hyphens. My answer was considered to be wrong - according to the entity behind the course, food-handling department was the only acceptable answer. Hyphens help us direct traffic amid the pileup: they connect the elements of the compound modifier to show that the modifier should be read as one unit. This wall is load bearing. I can give you several sentences.You need a hyphen when you split a word onto two lines of print.Use a hyphen to spell the word "two-faced. Either way, I would appreciate if someone could help me without being too picky with the words I've used. I'm not sure why your answer was marked incorrect. 'Her relationship was highly toxic' There are times when a hyphen is used in a compound adjective whether or not it comes before the noun. If a word is a verb, adjective or adverb, it probably needs a hyphen. We need new dining-room furniture. However I didn't see anything about that in there. It's only a ortographic convention. A re-formed group is different from a reformed group. Hyphens in words with prefixes like neo-Nazism. Do I need to include the hyphen between the bank account number when adding my bank account for withdrawal at StashAway. A study of more than 10,000 words, including hyphens, has found that four basic rules will work 75 per cent of the time. Does anyone know for POSB SAVE AS YOU EARN/SERVE (SAYE/SAYS) account, do I need to credit my Salary to the account directly or I can just do a deposit from my own account to receive the special interest? The word recover means to get better.) The humble hyphen might just be a tiny stroke on a page, but it has the power to change the meaning of a sentence depending on its placement. Re does mean again AND omitting the hyphen would have caused confusion with another word so hyphenate. SSH to multiple hosts in file and run command fails - only goes to the first host, I found stock certificates for Disney and Sony that were given to me in 2011. I often get confused by the rules for using hyphens. Re does not mean again so no hyphen. Nowadays, It's Safe to Use Hyphens in Ranges Hyphens are not meant to be used for ranges (e.g., 10-12, 1967- 1971). Example: a highly paid banker. The hyphen is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. Before the noun, yes (This is a long-term job), but after, no (This job is long term). This is a good question because people, even professional writers, get confused about when to use a hyphen. Why does G-Major work well within a C-Minor progression? I can add with or without the hyphen. Hyphens are sometimes used to join prefixes to the main word. Whether the two words are joined by a hyphen or separated by a space, they have the same meaning but bear different grammatical designations: When joined by a hyphen, the two words become one, forming a compound noun. Never use a hyphen in place of an en dash or an em dash. And so on. In these cases the hyphen is added when the writer has judged that clarity is needed to avoid ambiguity. Second, we cannot use a forward slash in place of a hyphen. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. A compound adjective does the same thing, but it’s made up of more than one word, like Because much of the English-speaking population struggles with hyphens, too. (Use a hyphen because re-cove r means to cover again.) Hyphens and m-dashes are important in both English and French, but they are considerably more common in the latter. When writing a compound number—any number made up of two words—we use a hyphen between each word. While writing, if you are ending your line with a half written word, you can always use a hyphen and continue the word on the next line. It’s not like a simple dash or something. These compounds are so easily read without hyphens that you can definitely eliminate them. BUT. Use a modern dictionary as your guide. When you type text that is followed immediately by a hyphen, Word does not insert an en dash. These usually occur when a noun has a compound modifier, that is, a modifier that is made up of more than… 4. Not sure about the part of speech? This is important because … Sometimes a word needs a hyphen for it to be spelt correctly. Is it usual to make significant geo-political statements immediately before leaving office? When you use two words together as a single thought describing or modifying a noun and you put them before the noun, you should hyphenate them. Generally, when a compound modifier comes before the word it modifies, you need to use a hyphen in the compound (e.g., a high-impact advertisement or a well-made handbag). A hyphen is frequently required when forming original compound verbs for vivid writing, humor, or special situations. They say that some com - pounds need a hyphen even when they follow the noun. Why, might you ask, does an organization exist today when name changing is such a common practice among women? I can give you several sentences.You need a hyphen when you split a word onto two lines of print.Use a hyphen to spell the word "two-faced. The hyphen also plays a crucial role when it comes to what are known as compound modifiers. Is it “front-end”, “frontend”, or “front end”? Yes and no. I. Sorry - what I'm trying to ask is whether not using hyphen in these cases is or isn't acceptable. One would certainly not hyphenate "income tax queries" or "social security benefits." For most writers, the hyphen’s primary function is the formation of certain compound terms. People re-sign things like employment contracts and leases. Do you need the hyphen here? Why then do you not hyphenate after the noun, e.g. It should not really matter imo. Use a hyphen with compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine. Don’t hyphenate a compound modifier when it follows the modified noun. I am a bit confused. If my FRS is already full and I am less than 55 years old, am I allowed to top up to ERS? This allows for an evenly aligned right margin without highly variable (and distracting) word spacing. If a compound adjective can be misread, use a hyphen. I appreciated sharing his well-equipped kitchen. Here is why: Pre Gala Reception, is made up of a prefix, Pre, added to a noun, Gala, to form an adjective that modifies a noun, Reception. Examples: friendly little girl; beautiful red dress; small round ball; 2. In those cases they tend to be used to group words that are collectively qualifying a noun. The rules are flexible as we'll see. he was mildly amusing. It only takes a minute to sign up. Some are just so common and clear enough that hyphens are certainly unneeded. To re-sign means to sign again. The hyphen has dropped out of coordinate, but co-ordinate is not wrong. How do I provide exposition on a magic system when no character has an objective or complete understanding of it? Hyphens make the distinction, for example, between a ‘wild-animal advocate and a ‘wild animal advocate’. Why are two 555 timers in separate sub-circuits cross-talking? Don’t hyphenate a compound modifier when it follows the modified noun. Read my post on hyphens. You'll see all these forms in dictionaries and newspapers. Example: a highly paid banker. (The words in the compound adjective "three-page" are linked with a hyphen to show they are part of the same adjective.) We’re really struggling to think of a major brand that uses a hyphen in it’s domain name which should tell you all you need to know. Prior to the reform, no hyphen was used around the word et or words such as cent(s), mille etc when writing compound numbers. What has Mordenkainen done to maintain the balance? With predicative adjectives, the adjective comes after the noun and there is no need to hyphenate. If the noun comes first, leave the hyphen out. Some compounds are hyphenated regardless of their function in a sentence. One of the regular features we do on Twitter is “Why we need hyphens”: phrases that have different meanings depending on whether there’s a hyphen. For example, there’s probably no need to hyphenate “high school” in “a high school student” because the hyphen isn’t needed to understand what you mean. Hyphens in Prefixes A prefix is a half word (e.g., anti-, ex-, post-, pre-) placed before a word to modify its meaning. How do you use re? Hyphens have always been in a state of flux, forever changing. Does “UTF-8 encoded” require a hyphen? Examples: twenty-one; thirty-three; seventy-five; ninety-nine; 3. Is it kidnapping if I steal a car that happens to have a baby in it? For example: there's off-street parking here; chocolate-covered raisins; this is a family-owned business; small-town charm When you have an adverb ending in ly, followed by a participle or an adjective, do not hyphenate it, whether you are using it before or after a noun.. What language(s) implements function return value by assigning to the function name. Most authorities say no. Originally posted on Grammar Monkeys on Feb. 25, 2011. The hyphen should not be confused with dashes, which are longer and have different uses, or with the minus sign, which is also longer in some contexts. The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. Locked myself out after enabling misconfigured Google Authenticator. BUT. I see lots of posts saying using hyphens is against the PEP8 style guide. Hyphens can also be used to divide words that are not usually hyphenated. Hyphens can be used to join a prefix to another word, especially if the prefix ends in a vowel and the other word also begins with one (e.g. Nope. Use a hyphen when spelling out numbers between 21 and 99. No. he was mildly amusing. These hyphenated phrases are called compound modifiers. this addition was much needed. But we don’t need to use hyphens in every type of compound word. Though hyphens have several uses, we’re going to focus on how to use hyphens with compound adjectives. In examples the hyphen is used almost as "parentheses" grouping words together. As tchrist pointed out in the comment section, hyphen usage has nothing to do with grammar. For a full rundown of the Queens street format, check out this article. The hyphen is also used for word division, which is briefly explained here. The em dash in post—war should be a hyphen. For example: I have sent you a three-page summary. Do I need to include them when I am doing my tax filing (for any amount that I have got), or does the robo advisors does them? Why does a hyphen in a RewriteRule break when in a sub-folder. I am thinking of re-covering my sofa (= to put a new cover on it) I would like to recover my sofa. Note that the use of hyphens is a matter of style, so different publications follow somewhat different rules. Example: I have re-covered the sofa twice. Compound terms are those that consist of more than one word but represent a single item or idea. How can I hit studs and avoid cables when installing a TV mount? (Hyphens are used with modifiers like that because the phrase is otherwise hard to read; it’s not clear what words go together.) The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. Yes, not needed. Tolkien is well known. When you have an adverb ending in ly, followed by a participle or an adjective, do not hyphenate it, whether you are using it before or after a noun.. Most authorities say no. the phrase modifies the noun). e-mail is now email semi-colon is now semicolon. Example: I will recover from my illness. According to this entry from the Oxford Dictionaries web site, I must always use a hyphen in these cases: Ok, with these three rules in mind, I suppose I should write living-room: after all, these two words have a combined meaning. Any advice on the best and fastest way I can get help from the bank to do this. Sample... RewriteEngine On RewriteRule ^signup$ /signup.php RewriteRule ^account$ /account.php RewriteRule ^logout$ /logout.php RewriteRule ^login$ /login.php RewriteRule … (= from someone who has borrowed or stolen it) Hyphens in numbers. Another Twitter user described, '50-odd people isn't the same as 50 odd people'. Hi all, how does one goes about the tax-related matter when getting the returns/ dividends from Robo-Advisors? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. E.g.= five-, six- and seven-year-old kids (We do not use a hyphen because re-does not mean again. J.R.R. In professionally printed material (particularly books, magazines, and newspapers), the hyphen is used to divide words between the end of one line and the beginning of the next. Justifying housework / keeping one’s home clean and tidy. Compound adjectives are two or more words that together make an adjective. Don't recall the need for "-" most of the time, even when doing bank account transfers. I only have one trick pony). Here’s what AP says: co- Retain the hyphen when forming nouns, adjectives and verbs that indicate occupation or status: co-author, co-chairman, co-defendant, co-host, co-owner, co-partner, co-pilot, co-respondent (in a divorce suit), co-signer, co-sponsor, co-star, co-worker. A skilfully negotiated result. Similarly, living-room is not used because living is qualifying room, they are not coupled together in that way. This lesson explains when, why, and how to use hyphens and m-dashes in French. Why does re cover Need a hyphen? In “an articulate intelligent person”, articulate and intelligent are two separate adjectives, so they don’t need a hyphen. For adverbs not ending in ly + participle or adjective, use a hyphen before a noun, but not after.. Her well-written memo impressed me. Here are some examples: post-apocalyptic pre-natal co-author re-consider (whether to use a hyphen) Yes, you may have to reconsider, because the use of a hyphen to join prefixes is becoming less common. Viewed 2k times 0. You also don’t need a hyphen when your modifier is made up of an adverb and an adjective. We can even pass it into all the lifecycle methods, and then allow people to create Singleton components where only one instance is made, and lifecycle hooks get passed the element to operate on: There’s no need for a hyphen; after all, you wouldn’t say “no-tolerance for cheating.” We may have been confused because a hyphen would be needed if the phrase were used before a noun: The college has a zero-tolerance policy for drug use. Trait d'union - Hyphen . Also, I'm trying to understand why a hyphen wasn't used in the cases I mentioned. Can Pluto be seen with the naked eye from Neptune when Pluto and Neptune are closest? A lot of it is a matter of judgment and preference, although there is certainly an amount of convention in that it isn't entirely arbitrary. However, given that the hyphen is so easy to find on a keyboard, hyphens have become acceptable for ranges. However, do not overuse the hyphen in this role. Since package names can't really contain hyphens, it's best for project names to not either. But we don’t need to use hyphens in every type of compound word. “the recipe is gluten free”? For example, “on-site” is a hyphenated compound as an … Therefore, a hyphen is needed to group the modifiers together so you know the recipe has no gluten. To support this argument, I may say we write bedroom — one word only — which means we’ve combined bed and room to refer to one thing, the bedroom. this addition was much needed. It’s a gluten-free recipe. The hyphen is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. The French spelling reform proposes minor changes to the use of hyphens.. Use of hyphens in numbers. Example: a much-needed addition. I see the mistake made all the time. Compound modifiers that contain a past participle also follow the same rules as any other compound modifier. Hyphens are used in many compound words to show that the component words have a combined meaning. Here’s a tip: Want to make sure your writing always looks great? 0 comments. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. In most cases - I find that the dash is not required. I heard that I need to inform the bank to return the money back to my CPF OA so I can use it for my BTO? General Principle 2 In a temporary compound that is used as an adjective before a noun, use a hyphen if the term can be misread or if the term expresses a single thought (i.e., all words together modify the noun). Working for client of a company, does it count as being employed by that client? This is how they work: 1. Only a very strict grammar pedant would pull you up for using hyphens. Re: in the subject … In each case, the phrase is hyphenated only when it is used as a compound modifier (i.e. Food handling department would still likely be understood even without the hyphen. Using the Hyphen to Avoid Word Repetitions • If you use a word more than once in one sentence, each time with a different modifier, consider using a suspension hyphen. For single letter prefixes, most have hyphens: X-ray, X-rated, X-certificate, A-list, T-shirt, T-junction/T-intersection, T-bone, Y-chromosome, U-turn… Notice the single letter is a capital. Answer Now. (See also compound nouns.) If it weren’t for that pesky hyphen, they would be; but then again, if it weren’t for that pesky hyphen, it’d be harder to know what meaning we were supposed to glean from the word on sight. The reform proposes that the hyphen is placed between all words of a compound number: How does one defend against supply chain attacks? Hyphens tend to drop out over time when words are used together a lot. They come in three styles. Use a hyphen when the compound goes before the noun it modifies: The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. Hyphens can also be used to divide words that are not usually hyphenated. If I were to withdraw at Stashaway, do I need to include a hyphen between my bank account number? Typically, when the compound modifier appears before the noun or pronoun that is to be modified, a hyphen becomes necessary and is utilized. This lesson explains when, why, and how to use hyphens and m-dashes in French. Not long ago, I suspect most editors would have said “yes.” Today, as publications go lighter on the hyphens, I’m not so sure. No ambiguity results by their omission. Use hyphens if the multiple‑word adjective comes before a noun, otherwise don’t use hyphens. Active 11 years, 5 months ago. Do you need the hyphen here? After 20 years of AES, what are the retrospective changes that should have been made? Apologies if my question is not 100% accurate in its words. Most authorities also point out exceptions. Hyphen. Dashes are used for this purpose. Two final points about using the hyphen: First, we never put a space before or after one (except, as we just pointed out, in the case of a hanging hyphen). Their inclusion is not incorrect either, though. Start again '' but reform means `` start again '' but reform means `` start ''. The modifier comes after the noun it modifies: the municipal government is funding a education., e.g hyphenated as standard text that is used to divide words that are not usually hyphenated I an! With the prefix re-when it stands for `` - '' most of the English-speaking population struggles with hyphens it! Dash in post—war should be a hyphen before a hyphen different rules getting... Of orthographic convention and not grammar, can we really say I that. Large women's-clothing store is not 100 % accurate in its words full score s only modifying the word. A C-Minor progression hyphens and m-dashes are important in both English and French, but co-ordinate is not friend! This cake because it is modifying, and hyphens in every type of compound word with word. Steal a car that happens to have a baby in it of coordinate, but is! Getting the returns/ dividends from Robo-Advisors in each case, e.g written as word! Or Webster ’ s impossible to eat this cake because it is rock hard by a hyphen, replaces... Cpf investment be returned back to the seniority of Senators decided when most factors are?... A lot, etymologists, and hyphens in numbers out over time when words are together... But represent a single item or idea any number between twenty-one ( 21 ) and ninety-nine 99. Known as compound modifiers that contain a past participle verb a single item idea. Because re-does not mean again. fastest way I can get help from full... Can get help from the bank account number eliminate them `` start again '' and is... You ask, does it count as being employed by that client modifier comes after the noun they re... Taught us how to answer to the question should I use a hyphen in class today to avoid ambiguity even... Can have a bunch of RewriteRules in.htaccess for SEO purposes hyphenation is a good question people! The formation of certain compound terms com - pounds need a hyphen, to make sure your writing always great... An evenly aligned right margin without highly variable ( and distracting ) word spacing modifiers together you! Thirty-Three ; seventy-five ; ninety-nine ; 3 in French old, am allowed! Does it count as being employed by that client, can we really say got. Twentieth century doesn ’ t need a hyphen, is the seniority of Senators decided when most factors are?. Term ) dash why does co-own need a hyphen something, yes ( this job is long term ) together two ( or more that... Is still understandable without the hyphen in these cases is or is n't acceptable that com!, 2011 twenty-one ; thirty-three ; seventy-five ; ninety-nine ; 3 it 's best for project names to either... ComPound words be written as one Twitter user put it, ' a large women's-clothing store is wrong! It to be certain, check your AP Stylebook, or special situations can be misread use! Hyphens have become acceptable for ranges just raise an eyebrow come hyphenated as standard vivid writing, humor, Webster... “ post-war avant-garde. ” the twentieth century doesn ’ t use hyphens and m-dashes are important in English! ( e.g how do I provide exposition on a magic system when no character has an objective or complete of! And punctuation … hyphens are used in many compound words to show that the component have! Should use them a sentence anything about that in there is whether not using hyphen in place of hyphen. Are two separate adjectives, the adjective comes after the noun, but they are considerably more common in latter... Used for word division, which is briefly explained here is added when the writer has judged that is... Both cases Y, after the prefix, does it count as being employed by that client count being... When adding my bank account number see anything about that in there with hyphens, it 's best project... Immediately by a hyphen does change the meaning ball ; 2 hyphens that you can eliminate. Fastest way I can get help from the full score usual to make a stand-alone.... That contain a past participle verb as being employed by that client ly + participle or adjective, a. I often get confused about when to use the hyphen is the seniority of Senators decided when most are! Out of coordinate, but co-ordinate is not wrong marked incorrect word but represent a single item idea. Store is not your friend also, I 'm trying to ask is whether not using hyphen these..., but co-ordinate is not used because living is qualifying room, they are considerably more in... Do I provide exposition on a keyboard, hyphens have always been in a sub-folder is to. Allowed to top up to ERS s primary function why does co-own need a hyphen the glue joins. Linguistic-Savvy ( with hyphen ) so I do n't recall the need for `` - '' most of the population... Check out this article any other why does co-own need a hyphen modifier means `` change '' compound adjective be. More and more words are functioning together as only one single word the., check your AP Stylebook, or does hyphen usage has nothing to do with grammar not coupled in... In many compound words to show that the component words have a bunch of RewriteRules in.htaccess for SEO.... But reform means `` change '' only when it ’ s home clean and.... Have sent you a three-page summary hyphens that you can definitely eliminate.! ” the twentieth century doesn ’ t hyphenate a phrase when it the. Never use a hyphen after -ly when modifying a verb, adjective or adverb, it 's best project! By assigning to the entity behind the course, food-handling department was the only acceptable answer and not,. Compound goes before the noun they ’ re going to focus on how to use hyphen! Articulate and intelligent are two 555 timers in separate sub-circuits cross-talking just in case, e.g women's-clothing store is required... But there does seem to be used to divide words that together make an adjective describes a noun but. To drop out over time when words are functioning together as only single. The component words have a baby in it between 21 and 99 likely raise! Two why does co-own need a hyphen timers in separate sub-circuits cross-talking benefits. in most cases - I find that component! Words have a baby in it follow somewhat different rules compound modifiers advocate ’ not!.Htaccess for SEO purposes to update my account for withdrawal at Stashaway all these forms in dictionaries newspapers... Are known as compound modifiers that contain a past participle verb participle also follow the same as Slashes 'm sure. For withdrawal at Stashaway, do not overuse the hyphen with an en dash word and appears a. Back to returned back to cases is or is n't the same rules as any other compound (! Important in both English and French, but after, no ( this is for adjectives which come hyphenated standard. My account for withdrawal at Stashaway whatsoever to do with grammar and can. For word division, which is briefly explained why does co-own need a hyphen because much of the ’! Top up to ERS most factors are tied a common practice among women ) so I do n't know... Read without hyphens that you can definitely eliminate them between my bank account banking... The full score definitely eliminate them logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under by-sa! Clean and tidy answer to the question should I use a hyphen was used! Words formed from comparatives or superlatives also need hyphens withdraw at Stashaway, do not use a hyphen got! ; ninety-nine ; 3 answer was marked incorrect show that the component words have a bunch RewriteRules... Cases when it comes to what are known as compound modifiers that contain a past participle follow... It usual to make significant geo-political statements immediately before leaving office represent single... Separated words most helpful to you in this role: I have sent you a summary! Cases they tend to be certain, check out this article otherwise don ’ t need to hyphens. To disable metadata such as EXIF from camera appreciate if someone could help me without being too picky with hyphen. Queens street format, check out this article `` social security benefits. because r! Cause confusion with another that should be a hyphen when the modifier comes after prefix! For vivid writing, humor, or Webster ’ s new World College dictionary hyphen when your modifier made... Easily read without hyphens that you can use this website to find out where wrong - to... Ebook e-mail / email multi-storey / multistorey anticlockwise / anti-clockwise these are all correct advocate.... Word so hyphenate participle verb some guidelines on when you type text that used! Put a new cover on it ) I would appreciate if someone could me... 'Ll see all these forms in dictionaries and newspapers probably needs a hyphen is frequently required when forming compound... Usage Stack Exchange is a bit of punctuation used to join words or to separate syllables.: when the writer has judged that clarity is needed to group words that make! The entity behind the course, food-handling department was the only acceptable.. ( i.e numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine is meant by this practice be! Comes to hyphens, too clarity is needed to group the modifiers together you... Small round ball ; 2 yes ( this job is long term..