Constantine I (Latin: Flavius Valerius Constantinus; Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος, translit. Kōnstantînos; 27 February c. 272 – 22 May 337), also known as Constantine the Great, was a Roman emperor from 306 to 337. The Edict of Milan (Latin: Edictum Mediolanense, Greek: Διάταγμα των Μεδιολάνων, Diatagma tōn Mediolanōn) was the February AD 313 agreement to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire. In 313, Constantine had removed all penalties for practicing Christianity and restored property and rights to those previously convicted of the illegal religion (Edict of Milan). Born in Naissus, Dacia Mediterranea (now Niš, Serbia), he was the son of Flavius Constantius, an Illyrian army officer who became one of the four emperors of the Tetrarchy. On 7 March 321, Constantine I decreed that Sunday (dies Solis) will be observed as the Roman day of rest [CJ3.12.2]:. The edict granted “to the Christians and others full authority to observe that religion which each preferred.” A change of scene Constantine assumed sole control over the empire in A.D. 324. By taking the personal step of convoking the Council of Nicea (325) Constantine began the Roman Empire's unofficial sponsorship of Christianity, which was a major factor in the faith's spread. The Edict of Milan was a declaration issued in 313 by the Emperor Constantine which made all religions legal within the Roman Empire, though it was especially intended to legalize Christianity.. Paganism, the official religion of the Empire and particularly of the army, was disestablished as such, and property which had previously been confiscated from Christians was returned. With the Edict of Milan in 313, Constantine and his co-Emperor removed all onus from Christianity. Constantine's decision to cease the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire was a turning point for early Christianity, sometimes referred to as the Triumph of the Church, the Peace of the Church or the Constantinian shift.In 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan decriminalizing Christian worship. The idea that Constantine and the Council of Nicea changed the Sabbath to Sunday from Saturday is simply a myth. Significance of the “Edict" In reality, the subjects of Constantine in the Western Empire already enjoyed the toleration and property rights spelled out in this rescript. On the venerable day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. Constantine, his mother Helena, all his children, his household, his servants, and he himself devoutly observed the Lord's Day at the time this edict was issued, 321. It is important to point out that Constantine did make an edict, in 324, the year before the Council of Nicea, mandating worship of the Supreme God on Sunday (Gonzalez, Justo, The Story of Christianity , p. 123). Bust of Emperor Constantine I, Roman, 4th century. Edict of Constantine. Translated from the original edict in Latin, now in Harvard College U.S.A. 16 years after Constantine' first Sunday Law of A.D. 321, the Roman church made it official church doctrine by … Adventists try to ignore all this to carry their theory that this was a pagan law requiring Christians to reverence a pagan day. Nevertheless, the “Edict’s” significance stands unchallenged (even though we must recognize the inaccuracy of its traditional title, since it was not an edict).
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