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Michael Peck is a contributing writer for the National Interest. WASHINGTON (Pakistan Point News / Sputnik - 20th January, 2021) President-elect Joe Biden's nominee for Defense Secretary, Lloyd Austin, said during his Senate confirmation hearing that he will encourage accelerated development of intercept capability for hypersonic missiles. Pakistan revealed the Harbah through a missile test in January 2018 from onboard the PNS Himmat, an Azmat-class fast attack craft (FAC). Neither MoDP or DGMP revealed the range, weight, dimensions, or other specifications of the missile. Experts say, it doesn’t even need a warhead. The hypersonic missile tested by India has far-reaching implications for Pakistan. The Missile Defence Advocacy Alliance (MDAA) states, “Hypersonic weapons incorporate the speed of ballistic missile with the manoeuvring capabilities of a cruise missile. A hypersonic missile would be a nightmare for the likes of Bangladesh, Nepal or Bhutan that don't feature an extensive AD network, not against the likes of Pakistan. A hypersonic version of the missile, BrahMos-II, is also presently under development with a speed of Mach 7–8 to boost aerial fast strike capability. Hypersonic missiles—defined as rockets with a velocity of at least Mach 5, though Russia and America are developing Mach 20 … The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) today awarded L3 Harris Technologies a contract to build a prototype satellite capable of tracking hypersonic weapons. WASHINGTON — The Missile Defense Agency awarded L3Harris Technologies a $121 million contract to build a prototype satellite capable of tracking hypersonic weapons, the agency announced Jan. 14. The RAS-72 is a maritime patrol aircraft (MPA) based on the ATR-72, a commercially available commuter aircraft. Pakistan’s Directorate General of Munitions Production (DGMP) green-lit the development of a supersonic missile for the Pakistan Navy (PN), according to the Pakistan Ministry of Defence Production’s (MoDP) disclosure for 2017-2018. “The Agni 1 is a nuclear-capable missile that is in service with the strategic forces and has been successfully tested several times in the past,” noted the Economic Times. Pakistan to Develop a Supersonic Missile for Naval Usage. The test followed the first joint US Army and Navy flight experiment in October 2017, when the prototype missile demonstrated it could glide in the direction of a target at hypersonic speed. Hypersonic Missiles Slower & Easily Detected Current Weapons Systems Yet Another Doctor Dies Of Coronavirus 6 In 10 Women In Pakistan Face Internet Restriction, Study Finds COVID-19 Claims 244 Lives During The Second Wave In Hazara Unlike the United States versus Russia and China, whose homelands are separated by thousands of miles of ocean, the distance between New Delhi and Islamabad is just over 400 miles. In order to obtain a reliable analogous capability, the missile would require a supersonic-cruising design, which basically indicates a ramjet or scramjet air-breathing engine. Clash Of F-16s: Turkish Jets Challenge Greek F-16s As They Advance Towards Southern Cyprus “I would like to announce the […] In addition, the DGMP also approved the development of an “improved version” of the Harbah dual-ASCM/LACM. The Harba anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) being fired from the Azmat-class fast attack craft (FAC) PNS Himmat. Over the last few years, some of the prominent nuclear powers in the world have been involved in a race to develop hypersonic weapons. Moreover, if China, Russia, and the United States reach an agreement on the issue, then there are more chances of avoiding a possible regional hypersonic rivalry in South Asia by making India part of the agreement.” The Jinnah-Class Frigate: Pakistan’s Next-Generation Warship? “Its failure to reach the desired altitude is a reason for concern and is being studied.”. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2020. He can be found on Twitter and Facebook. It is launched atop an Agni 1, an Indian ballistic missile. A hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV) or missile is capable of traveling at five times the speed of sound but scientists have concluded that “advertised features are more illusory than real”. While that doesn’t necessarily mean the HSTDV has a problem, it’s not good news for India’s strategic nuclear deterrent. Countries like the US, Russia, and China have up till now developed hypersonic weapons systems comprised mainly of hypersonic cruise missiles (HCMs) and hypersonic glide vehicles (HGVs). Finally, Ukraine’s Yuzhnoye State Design Office is also developing ramjet technology, though for space applications. Fired from vertical launch tubes on a Russian warship, the missile is capable of striking both targets at sea… The US Missile Defense Agency has awarded L3Harris Technologies a $121.6 million contract to develop and deliver a prototype satellite capable of tracking hypersonic missiles in low Earth orbit. Pakistan conducted successful flight test of Shaheen-3 surface-to-surface ballistic missile having range of 2750 Kms, reported 24NewsHD TV channel reported on Wednesday.. The United States, Russia, India, United Kingdom, Iran, South Korea, Israel, China and Pakistan have developed several long-range subsonic cruise missiles. China is currently marketing a number of supersonic-cruising ASCMs, such as the HD-1A, CM-302, and CX-1. Potential partners can include China, Ukraine and/or South Africa. It also is one step closer to triggering a nuclear war with Pakistan. India’s test of a hypersonic missile signifies more than the advance of Indian weapons technology. Key Point:The situation depends on Pakistan's reaction. The RAS-72 Sea Eagle is among the Pakistan Navy’s (PN) newer inductions. Valued … A Mach 5 or 10 weapon missile launched from India or Pakistan could hit its target in minutes (Russia’s Avangard hypersonic glider reportedly … Or, a hypersonic missile armed with a conventional warhead might be able to destroy an opponent’s nuclear missiles in a first strike, but without the attacker having to resort to nuclear weapons. The new missile, Conventional Prompt Strike (CPS), is designed to travel at hypersonic speeds to quickly target emerging threats. Turkey will start space trials of its liquid-propellant rocket engines, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Sunday. MOSCOW (Pakistan Point News / Sputnik - 06th December, 2020) US President Donald Trump told his supporters in the state of Georgia that the US armed forces were now equipped with modern weapons, including new hypersonic and "hydrosonic" missiles, that were superior to any other missiles. Pakistan and Middle Eastern countries are likely to show interest given the weapon's potential to break anti-missile systems at supersonic speeds, he said, claiming that the new missile … CPS will use a US Navy booster rocket and a hypersonic … India wanted the BrahMos to be based on a mid range cruise missile like the P-700 Granit. At those speeds, if it hit a carrier, it would pass right through, and potentially put it out of action. China has reportedly upgraded its DF-17 hypersonic ballistic missile system, with the latest images showing a new transporter erector launcher (TEL), state-owned Global Times reported. Neither MoDP or DGMP revealed the range, weight, dimensions, or other specifications of the missile. Pakistan should follow a two-pronged approach. Be it through an existing design or simply a pool of expertise on the technology, Pakistan could leverage outside help. South Africa had developed ramjet technology through the 1990s, such as the SAHV. Yet unproven or not, the existence of an Indian hypersonic project is an ominous step for India’s cold war with its neighbor Pakistan. The time it would take a hypersonic warhead to complete an attack, General Hyten said, “could be half” that of a standard missile. The HSTDV, which is shaped almost like a sailing ship, is supposed to be a testbed for developing future hypersonic weapons such as cruise missiles. This development comes as tensions between Greece and Turkey have soared over energy exploration in the Eastern Mediterranean region. The Quwa Defence News & Analysis Group aims to provide relevant analysis on modern defence systems and their tactical applications; our work is specially focused on the acquisitions and activities of countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Analysis: Ideas on How Pakistan Can Leverage ... Pakistan Air Force Delves into Artificial Int ... Pakistan’s Chinese Arms Purchases Start Tak ... KSEW Cuts Steel for Pakistan’s Second MILGE ... Istanbul Naval Shipyard Lays Keel for First P ... Saab Announces Undisclosed Saab 2000 Erieye A ... Pakistan Air Force News & Analysis Archives. Whether or not such a strike would be successful, or whether anyone would be confident enough to risk a nuclear exchange by using hypersonics, isn’t the point. Having signed-off on the development of a supersonic missile, it seems that the PN is working on securing its own supersonic missile for anti-ship missions. China’s deadly “carrier killer” hypersonic ballistic missile — the Dong-Feng 21 — can reportedly reach speeds of up to Mach 5 and beyond. Hypersonic weapons refer to the weapons that travel faster than Mach 5 (~3,800mph) and have the capability to manoeuvre during the entire flight.” “Sources said that while the missile on which the platform was mounted successfully took off from the range, the test could not be completed to demonstrate the vehicle at hypersonic speed as the Agni 1 did not reach the desired altitude for the test. In South Asia, India […] A hypersonic missile can be an effective deterrence to similar Chinese capabilities. However, that would not be surprising (as even India and Russia cooperated on the BrahMos) as it could help with shortening timelines and reducing cost. Ironically, the first launch of the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle, or HSTDV, was a failure. The F-35s Of Navy: Why Indian, Greek “Submarine-Killer” Choppers Are Big-Danger To Chinese, Turkish Submarines? This ‘improved’ variant of the Harbah might be the dual-ASCM/LACM the PN test-fired in April 2019, again from the PNS Himmat FAC. Flying at Mach 8 (8 times the speed of sound or around 10,000 kph), the missile poses a new and credible threat to the air defense systems of potential aggressors. © Copyright 2021 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. But on the strategic level, hypersonic weapons are truly frightening. India can use the missile against Chinese military installations along the Line of Actual Control or more effectively against Chinese Navy ships in the Indian Ocean, in case of a conflict situation. In a tweet, Inter Services Public Relations ISPR Director General said, “Flt test aimed at revalidating various design and tech parameters of weapon system.” Key Point: The situation depends on Pakistan's reaction. Hypersonic missiles—defined as rockets with a velocity of at least Mach 5, though Russia and America are developing Mach 20 weapons—are dangerous because of their speed. The new TEL would enhance the survivability of the DF-17 against enemy surveillance systems. In its contract for four MILGEM warships, the Pakistan Navy (PN) also bought assistance to design its own frigate. Pakistan’s Directorate General of Munitions Production (DGMP) green-lit the development of a supersonic missile for the Pakistan Navy (PN), according to the Pakistan Ministry of Defence Production’s (MoDP) disclosure for 2017-2018. Yet unproven or not, the existence of an Indian hypersonic project is an ominous step for India’s cold war with its neighbor Pakistan. In fact, they did not specify if the supersonic missile would be an anti-ship cruising missile (ASCM) or land-attack cruise missile (LACM), but a dual-ASCM/LACM is likely. Analysis: Pakistan Navy’s New LRMPA Project. At the tactical level, this means that aircraft carriers and air bases could be destroyed by a salvo of missiles. KSEW Cuts Steel for Pakistan’s Second MILGEM Corvette, Istanbul Naval Shipyard Lays Keel for First Pakistani MILGEM, Commissioning ceremony of Offshore Patrol Vessel PNS YARMOOK, Damen and Blohm + Voss selected for construction German MKS180 frigates, Leading specialized battery manufacturer, EaglePicher, selects IFS cloud-based solution to power its operations, Pakistan Navy’s Damen Corvette / Offshore Patrol Vessel, China’s scale gives flexibility for high-tech arms development, Loaded Procurement Pipeline in Tow, The Pakistan Navy Rises (Part 1), Type 054A/P Frigate: Pakistan’s New Multi-Mission Frigates, India Demonstrates Drone Swarming Capability, Pakistan Tests Indigenous Fatah-1 Guided MLRS, Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Delivers New JF-17B Batch. For a truly analogous solution, the missile would need to be a supersonic-cruising design, i.e., with an air-breathing engine (ramjet or scramjet). Scientists are looking at the technical reasons behind this and are studying all available data.”. India's Hypersonic Missiles Are a Major Threat to Pakistan “Sources said that while the missile on which the platform was mounted successfully took off from the range, the test could not be completed to demonstrate the vehicle at hypersonic speed as the Agni 1 did not reach the desired altitude for the test. Pakistan needs to continue its focus on … For instance, they quote the 2019 Senate testimony of Gen. John E. Hyten, the Air Force officer then in charge of U.S. Strategic Command, which controls the nation’s nuclear missiles. No timeline was provided for the PN’s supersonic missile, nor is there any indication of collaboration or a joint project. Knowing that India has hypersonic weapons could make Pakistan feel trapped in a “use them or lose them” mindset regarding its nuclear weapons. With defensibility against a supersonic-cruising ASCM – such as the BrahMos — difficult or infeasible, the next option for Pakistan is to equip itself with analogous capability (note: this was discussed in detail in a Quwa Premium article, which is now freely accessible – Countering the BrahMos Threat). Considering that the PN is paying for both the design assistance and intellectual property (IP) rights, this new frigate will likely be the basis of the PN’s next-generation surface warship.... On 16 January 2021, the Indian Army (IA) showcased a newly acquired drone swarming capability during its annual parade. These missiles have a range of over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) and fly at about 800 kilometres per hour (500 mph). India’s test of a hypersonic missile signifies more than the advance of Indian weapons technology. “Pakistan is not known to have an indigenous hypersonic development program. Russian state media reported a successful test flight of its new hypersonic missile, the Zircon. There is a reason why the US abandoned using hypersonic missiles and largely rely on Tomahawks because they figured the Soviets would easily shoot down the hypersonic missiles. After approving the manufacturing of a supersonic missile, it appears that the Pakistan Navy is now working towards securing its own supersonic missile for anti-ship missions. Hypersonic speeds are defined as speeds above Mach 5, or 3,836 miles per hour. An analysis was done after studying the technical performance of the planned weapon by US-based scientists Dr. David Wright and Dr. Cameron L. Tracy. India’s test of a hypersonic missile signifies more than the advance of Indian weapons technology. Though the weapons have yet to be tested in combat, the U.S. military is concerned that Russian and Chinese hypersonic weapons may travel so fast that they can’t be intercepted. The prototype award is part of the Hypersonic and Ballistic Tracking Space Sensor (HBTSS) Phase IIa effort, which aims to address the shortcomings of most terrestrial-based […] Pakistan air force has a Hypersonic missile which can sink Indian ship in minutes. “The vehicle was test launched using the Agni 1 missile platform that was to take it up to a predetermined altitude where scramjet technology—the ability to fly at speeds in excess of Mach 6 while using atmospheric oxygen as oxidizer—had to be validated with separation of the platform and a short flight at high altitude,” according to India’s Economic Times. A hypersonic missile can deliver a nuclear warhead more quickly than a ballistic missile. Photo source: Associated Press of Pakistan. This system is an intercontinental hypersonic glide vehicle that travels at 27 times the speed of sound and is capable of delivering a nuclear warhead (Hodge et al., 2019). A Mach 5 or 10 weapon missile launched from India or Pakistan could hit its target in minutes (Russia’s Avangard hypersonic glider reportedly has a speed of Mach 20, with the United States working on a weapon equally as fast). In its 2017-2018 disclosure, Pakistan’s Ministry of Defence Production (MoDP) stated that the Directorate General of Munitions Production (DGMP) signed-off on the development of a supersonic missile for the Pakistan Navy (PN). I n December of 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced to the world that his country had deployed its first hypersonic missile system: the Avengard. Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Sunday per hour warships, the Pakistan Navy ( )... Ascm ) being fired from the Azmat-class fast attack craft ( FAC ) Himmat... The hypersonic technology Demonstrator Vehicle, or HSTDV pakistan hypersonic missile was a failure Why Indian, Greek “ Submarine-Killer ” are... Of a hypersonic missile, nor is there any indication of collaboration or a joint.. 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